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Beyond Mars The Distant Future of Space Exploration. An artists rendering of a multifunction Mars base. Credit NASAGlenn Research CenterLouis Friedman has always balanced his optimistic vision for the future of human space exploration with a dose of reality, and his tempered outlook courses through his new book, Human Spaceflight From Mars to the Stars, in which he charts the distant future of human space travel. Ohad Thanks for the comprehensive overview of these 2 stocks DO you have an opinion about GWPH and CORT both are also involved in the CNS field. Friedman is optimistic that human space exploration will continue well into the future. However, heres that dose of reality from Friedman humans will never venture beyond Mars, at least not in any historically significant way. Once humans tame Mars, how will humanity continue to explore cosmic frontiers, and to what end Space travel, according to Friedman, will be an act more focused on transporting our minds  with the help of new technologies rather than our bodies. Friedman is the executive director emeritus of The Planetary Society, which he co founded with Carl Sagan and Bruce Murray in 1. Six Thinking Hats Course. In Six Thinking Hats System, there are six hats with different colors and each hat represent a mode of thinking. NOVA scienceNOW How Smart Are Animals Dog Genius Edited By Steve Audette Written, Produced and Directed By Julia Cort Dolphin Behavior Edited By Rob Tinworth. He has a knack for bringing space researchers from multiple nations together on ambitious projects. He played a role in the Mariner Venus Mercury project, the Voyager missions, the Venus Orbital Imaging Radar Magellan, the Halley Comet Rendezvous, Mars exploration, and has brought the idea of solar sailing from a dream to actual testing in space. Discover contributor David Warmflash spoke with Friedman about his book, space colonies and the future of space exploration. Discover What is the central message of the bookLouis Friedman Human space exploration will continue well into the future. It will be exciting, focused on exploration and settlement of Mars. But humans themselves will never travel beyond Mars. Can we talk a little about why Mars should be a location for humanitys second home For humans, we know theres an emotional attachment to Mars, but from a pragmatic standpoint, is there anything that makes it better than free space colonies structures either in the Earth moon system, or in their own orbit around the sun Or do you see a future in which we have Mars colonies, free space colonies, and maybe cities on the moon and other bodies LF What you describe is not impossible, but to me it makes little sense. The space colonies you imagine are vast engineering projects much bigger than the enterprise of adapting ourselves to the surface of Mars. They would have to be built with material brought from Earth at much pain at much cost. On Mars, we would protect ourselves from radiation with Martian materials  the dirt of the planet. A 1 g space colony for thousands of people would be huge impractical to build, and more impractical to supply. The space colony ideas of science fiction are largely discredited for humans real future now. They certainly do not appear in any space agency or private space plan. Cort Thinking Program' title='Cort Thinking Program' />Cort Thinking ProgramLearning and Leading with Habits of Mind. Edited by Arthur L. Costa and Bena Kallick. Table of Contents. Chapter 2. Describing the Habits of Mind. Arthur L. Costa. Cort Thinking ProgramCort Thinking ProgramCort Thinking ProgramDo you anticipate that well terraform Mars LF Yes. Of course I dont know exactly how or when, but I see it as part of human evolution to eventually adapt to living on Mars and then to make it better and better. And, I must note, we are already terraforming Earth so we know it is something we are capable of. That said, I must also emphasize that I think that will happen, I dont know it. We have not settled underwater in the oceans, nor have we settled even in the Antarctic. They are much easier to reach and have many more resources than Mars. I am not sure of their future even here on Earth. But I am an optimist and I think Mars represents an unlimited future for human endeavor. Louis Friedman has always balanced his optimistic vision for the future of human space exploration with a dose of reality, and his tempered outlook courses. Six Thinking Hats is a system designed by Edward de Bono which describes a tool for group discussion and individual thinking involving six colored hats. With the dawning of the twentyfirst century there arose another new approach to psychology, known as Positive psychology. Psp Games Gta San Andreas. Originally a development of humanistic. The Berkeley Executive Leadership Program. The Berkeley Executive Leadership Program is a practical, personalized and inspiring answer to the question, What can I do. Painter Rick Guidices mid 1. The cylinders sport halos of agriculture pods. However, Friedman says elaborate colonies like these probably arent in the cards for humans. Check out more retro space colony art in this Discover gallery. Credit NASARick GuidiceWhen you say that humans will never travel beyond Mars, do you mean not to colonize other worlds, or do you mean not even for a quick visit Wouldnt a human mission to the outer solar system be a lot easier than sending the first astronauts to the moon was during the 1. LF Human exploration and colonization of Mars will keep us busy for hundreds, even thousands, of years. During that time, there will be advances in nanotechnology, space sailing, robotics, biomolecular engineering, and artificial intelligence. These advances are occurring even now, affecting our outlook about what it means to be human and engage in human activity. Those technologies will not merely allow us to stay home on Earth and Mars, but our minds will extend our presence throughout the universe so that we will not need or want to extend our bodies there even if we could, which I think is doubtful. So are you saying that sending humans, say, to an interesting moon of Saturn, like Titan or Enceladus, would be pointless, since we could get the full experience from our machines, through something like virtual reality, or even uploading data from deep space missions into our brains, so it will really seem as though we went in person LF Yes, thats right. I think well be doing that before the end of this century, whereas if we had to wait for human life support on Titan, it would be many, many centuries. What a future manned mission to Mars might look like. Credit NASAPat Rawlings, SAICEven so, do you think that will be enough for everybody Wouldnt some daredevil take a human mission to points beyond at some point, just to show that they could do it Is it so unrealistic to think that China, India, Brazil, Russia, the United States, the United Nations, or for that matter a government that has yet to exist on Mars, could find itself in a new space race where the goal is to get people live people where no one has gone before, for that prestige factorWanting to do these things just seems to be part of human nature, we always produce people who want to visit new places, even if theres no logical reason, dont you agree Do you think artificial intelligence and other technologies will change something about us, so that nobody will ever take a distant, dangerous space voyage that has no practical value LF   You have raised several questions here. You are right about the possibility that if we can do something, someone might just want to. We have all kinds of extreme sports here on Earth. I dont rule out some daredevils or tourist extremists from our Earth Mars home trying a daring mission to the asteroid belt or Ganymede. But it wont be very relevant or even as much a part of our Society as those extreme trips to Mt. Everest. Somebody jumped out of a balloon from the edge of space a year or so again, interesting, but not relevant to human development. Humans will already feel present on Ganymede and lots of other places and the development of human life support to engage in those extreme efforts will be expensive and pointless if even possibleI think NASA has it right now. Their Journey to Mars puts into context why we have human spaceflight. In my opinion, there is no other purpose to human spaceflight. You know how some insightful people like Stephen Hawking, Elon Musk, and Bill Gates have warned that we should be careful about artificial intelligence, about how we develop it and how we let it evolve. In researching and writing the book, did you develop any concerns along these lines Do you think that eventually, machines might replace humans entirely LF I dont go that far perhaps I just dont have their insight or enough imagination.